John Winston Ono Lennon (9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was an English singer, songwriter, musician, and peace activist who achieved worldwide fame as co-lead vocalist, co-songwriter, and rhythm guitarist of The Beatles. In 1969, he started the Plastic Ono Band with his wife, Yoko Ono. After The Beatles disbanded in 1970, Lennon continued his career as a solo artist and as Ono’s collaborator.
In 1956, Lennon formed his first band, The Quarrymen, which evolved into The Beatles in 1960. In the mid-1960s, he had two books published. Starting with 1967’s “All You Need Is Love,” his songs were adopted as anthems by the anti-war movement. From 1968 to 1972, Lennon produced more than a dozen records with Ono, including a trilogy of avant-garde albums, his first solo LP John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band, and several international top 10 singles, including “Imagine.” In 1969, he held the two-week-long anti-war demonstration Bed-Ins for Peace. In 1980, returned to his music with the Ono collaboration Double Fantasy. He was shot and killed three weeks after the album’s release.
Lennon had 25 number-one singles on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Double Fantasy, his best-selling album, won the 1981 Grammy Award for Album of the Year. In 1982, Lennon was honoured with the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music. In 2002, Lennon was voted eighth in a BBC poll of the 100 Greatest Britons. Rolling Stone ranked him the fifth-greatest singer and thirty-eighth greatest artist of all time. He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame and twice into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.